Who works in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit – NICU

Who works in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit - NICU

All those who works in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit ( NICU ) and every member of the NICU team have an important job to do. From the doctors who create the treatment plan to the nurses who provide constant care to the housekeepers who keep the unit clean.

Below is the list of specialist trained healthcare professionals that will care for your baby in a NICU.



This is a paediatrician with specific training in the care of sick and premature babies. The neonatologist (often called the attending physician) supervises other doctors most of which are paediatrician nurses and other specialists working at the NICU.

The neonatologist is responsible for diagnosing the babies in the NICU and making all the decisions about the treatment plan. They also order tests and medications, perform procedures, and manage the medical care of each child.





A paediatrician is a doctor who specializes in caring for newborns, infants, and children. A paediatrician may be in charge of or work with the neonatologists as part of the NICU and Special Care team.


Read Also: What is Neonatal Intensive Care Unit


Other Pediatric Physicians and Surgeons

Aside from the specialist and physicians mentioned above, other doctors can be called in to help care for your baby depending on your child’s needs. These include but not limited to:

  • Cardiologists: heart doctors
  • Neurologists: physicians who treat brain and nervous system issues
  • Nephrologists: kidney doctors
  • Urologists: doctors who treat problems related to the urinary tract
  • Gastroenterologists: doctors who deal with the stomach and intestines
  • Hematologists: doctors who specialize in blood disorders
  • Medical Geneticists: physicians who deal with genetics and congenital disabilities
  • Surgeons: doctors who perform heart surgery, brain surgery, or other types of surgery and more




Respiratory Therapist:

This is a person with special training in giving respiratory support. This includes managing breathing machines and oxygen. A respiratory therapist administers breathing therapy to infants in the NICU. They typically must receive specialized training in caring for infants with breathing problems and using pediatric respiratory equipment.


Neonatal nurse.

This is a registered nurse with extra training in the care of newborn babies. He or she can do procedures and help direct your child’s care. The neonatal nurse is the person that you and your child see the most. He or she is right there at the bedside monitoring your child from minute to minute. The neonatal nurse carries out the doctor’s orders, gives your baby her medications, makes sure your child is safe and comfortable, and reports updates or any changes in your child’s status to the neonatologist.


Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Nurse



Read Also: Types of equipment you will find in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit



Pharmacists help in the NICU by assisting the care providers to choose the best medicines. They check medicine doses and levels. They keep the team aware of possible side effects and monitoring that may be needed.




Physical, occupational, and speech therapists:

Within the NICU, an occupational therapist monitors the developing central nervous systems of the infants and provides therapy if the infant is at risk of having developmental delays. Physical and occupational therapists help to build, strengthen, and improve the movement of the body. They will work with your baby to keep his muscles, joints, and nerves growing in a healthy way



Dietitians ensure the babies are growing well and getting good nutrition. They watch your baby’s intake of calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals.

They are responsible for ensuring that babies get proper nutrition. The dietitian works with the rest of the neonatal team to create a nutrition plan that helps infants grow and stay healthy.


Patient Engagement Officers.


The more time you spend around the NICU the more you realize that the specialist that works there, don’t only take care of your baby, but they care about you and your child. They will be there to support you as you go through the ups and downs of your NICU journey. They will cry with you, laugh with you, and celebrate every milestone with you.

While the NICU can be a scary place sometimes, it’s also a special place filled with special people. These are the members of your premature baby’s health care team.


Read Also: Level of Neonatal Care


Dr Jeffrey Uchenna

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