What is SEPSIS

What is SEPSIS

September is SEPSIS Awareness month, a month set aside by Global SEPSIS Alliance to help save lives by raising awareness to fight a disease that accounts for at least 10 million deaths worldwide.

As part of its corporate social responsibility, Outreach Women and Children Hospital held a sepsis awareness health talk at our Okota isolo branch. Our CEO Dr. Efunbo Dosekun spoke on SEPSIS: How to Spot IT – Prevent and Treat IT.


What is SEPSIS?

Sepsis occurs when chemicals released in the bloodstream to fight an infection trigger inflammation throughout the body. This can cause a cascade of changes that damage multiple organ systems, leading them to fail, sometimes even resulting in death.



Why is SEPSIS A Public Health Concern?

Sepsis is a public health concern. According to WHO estimates, SEPSIS affects over

  • Between 27 – 30 million people worldwide develop sepsis every year.
  • Leading to around 10 million deaths yearly.
  • This is like 1 death every 3.5 sec
  • Around 3 million newborns and 1.2 million children suffer from sepsis globally every year and three out of every ten deaths due to neonatal sepsis are thought to be caused by resistant pathogens.
  • One in ten deaths associated with pregnancy and childbirth is due to maternal sepsis with over 95% of deaths due to maternal sepsis occurring in low- and middle-income countries.
  • One million newborn deaths are associated with maternal infection, such as maternal sepsis, each year.

Signs and Symptoms of SEPSIS

  • Fever.
  • Slurred speech or confusion
  • Extreme shivering or muscle pain/fever
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Passing no urine all day.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Fast heart rate and mental confusion.
  • Feeling like you’re going to die

Dr Dosekun Stressing a point at SEPSIS Awareness Month 2019 Seminar

Sources of SEPSIS

Below are some common sources of SEPSIS

  • Meningitis
  • Skin or Soft Tissue Infection
  • Catheter related infection
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Pneumonia
  • Bloodstream infection ( Appendicitis, Infectious Diarrhea, Gallbladder Infection etc )

Sources of SEPSIS

Source: Global Sepsis Alliance

Read Also Immunization and Vaccines Schedule in Nigeria

Those At Risk of SEPSIS

Below are the groups that are largely at risk of sepsis.

  • Children Under 1
  • Adult over 60.
  • People with NO Spleen
  • People with chronic diseases ( eg ling, liver and heart )
  • People with weakened immune systems eg AIDS. Diabetes



How To Prevent SEPSIS

The truth is that sepsis can be prevented through simple preventive measures like vaccination and good hand hygiene.

  • Vaccination
  • Clean Water
  • Proper hand hygiene
  • Safe Childbirth
  • Prevent hospital-acquired infection.
  • Massive Awareness and education to the members of the public.


Early recognition and treatment reduce sepsis mortality by 50%. This lack of knowledge makes sepsis the number one preventable cause of death worldwide.


How To Prevent SEPSIS With Hand Way

Source: Global Sepsis Alliance

Read Also:  5 Important Reasons Why You Should Vaccinate Your Child Today


A Father and His Baby at our SEPSIS Awareness Month Event


Vaccination is one of the surest ways to prevent SEPSIS

Visit any of our branches below to get more information on vaccination and other ways to Spot – Prevent and Treat Sepsis.

Outreach Women and Children Hospital Festac
4th Avenue by 3rd Avenue Junction, Festac Town, Lagos.

Call: +234 8024327713, +234 7062180964, +234 8135996675, 07089758800,  +234 7068504696

WhatsApp: +234 8183803643

Outreach Women and Children Hospital Okota Isolo
125 Okota Road. Opp Slot. Okota. Isolo. Lagos.
Call: 014532865, +234 8068838225

Outreach Specialist Hospital Satellite Town
23. Community Road, Beside First Bank,Abule ado. Satellite Town
Call: 07018179085 08035187189


Onuaha Nkechi - Senior Nursing Sister

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