Immunization | Vaccines Schedules In Nigeria

Immunization Vaccines Schedules In Nigeria

What is Immunization

Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.

Routine immunization schedules vary from country to country. This topic will provide an overview of immunization for children and adolescents at the Outreach Women and Children hospital Lagos.

Benefits of Immunization

Immunization is one of the most effective preventive health measures. The number of cases of most vaccine-preventable illnesses worldwide has declined considerably after routine childhood immunizations were introduced.

 

Vaccination programs directly benefit the immunized child. They also indirectly benefit unimmunized persons through community (“herd”) immunity.

 

Community immunity occurs when the portion of the population that is immune to the infection is large enough to decrease the risk of transmission.

 

Community immunity protects children who are too young for immunization and persons with contraindications to vaccines. It relies on the majority of the population receiving routinely recommended immunizations.

Read Also: All You Need To Know About BCG Tuberculosis( TB ) Vaccines

 

Routine Schedule

The routine immunization schedules for children and adolescents are regularly updated and failure by health care providers, parents, and other caregivers to adhere to the recommended immunization schedules, including the timing of immunizations, leaves children susceptible to life-threatening vaccine-preventable diseases.

 

 

Immunizations routinely recommended and provided for infants and children at the Outreach Women and Children Hospital Lagos include:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Oral Polio vaccine
  • BCG
  • Pentavalent vaccine
  • OPV
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • Rotavirus
  • Meningococcal Conjugate
  • Inactivated polio vaccine
  • Measles
  • Yellow fever
  • Mumps
  • Rubella (MMR)
  • Chicken pox
  • Hepatitis A & B
  • Vitamin A
  • MMR Human papilloma Virus

Vaccination Schedule

We recommend immunization against HBV for all infants. Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine is >90 percent efficacious in preventing HBV infection and has few adverse effects.

 

HepB vaccine usually is administered at birth, 1 to 2 months, and 6 to 18 months of age

 

HepB vaccines are administered intramuscularly (IM).

 

HepB vaccine administered by any route other than IM should not be counted as valid and should be repeated.

 

Read Also: All You Need To Know About BCG Tuberculosis( TB ) Vaccines

 

Immunization-Services and Schedule at Outreach Hospital Lagos

 

Vaccines for Children and Adolescents (0 – 18 years)

Since 1997, the CDC has recommended that ALL children and adolescents up to age 18 years should receive the hepatitis B vaccine.

 

The World Health Organization recommends all infants receive the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth (often called the “birth dose”) and to then complete the vaccine series at 2 and 6 months. In order to meet this requirement, the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine must be the “monovalent vaccine,” which means it is only the hepatitis B vaccine.

 

It is very important that babies receive the “monovalent” hepatitis B vaccine at birth (not the “pentavalent vaccine”) in order to protect against a lifelong chronic hepatitis B infection. Infants born to moms who are infected with hepatitis B are at extremely high risk of becoming chronically infected after delivery,  unless they receive the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine within the first 12-24 hours of life.

 

Young children are at high risk for developing a lifelong chronic infection if they are exposed to the hepatitis B virus. Currently, one-third of all chronically infected adults were exposed in childhood.

 

Adolescents are included in this recommendation as well because of the potentially experimental lifestyle choices that place them at greater risk of a hepatitis B infection.

 

There is no second chance to protect a newborn or baby from hepatitis B!

 

Vaccines for Adults (18 or 19 years and older).

A schedule of routine adult vaccinations was first published in 2002. The hepatitis B vaccine is now included in the current list of adult recommendations (> 19 years for the three-dose series and (> 18 years for the Heplisav-B two-dose series).

 

In 2011, the CDC added the recommendation the hepatitis B vaccine be given to all adults with diabetes (type 1 or 2) who are between 19 – 59 years. Clinicians can decide whether or not their diabetic patients 60 years or older should receive the hepatitis B vaccine. This recommendation has also been adopted by the Americans Diabetes Association

 

HepB vaccines are safe; the most frequently reported side effects are a pain at the injection site and low-grade fever.

 

Time To Vaccinate Yourself

Vaccination is one of the most successful and cost-effective ways to protect children’s health and their future. You can vaccinate yourself and family at any of our branches in Lagos.

 

Our doors are open every Saturdays – from: 9 – 4pm for immunization

 

Festac Outreach Women and Children Hospital
4th Avenue by 3rd Avenue Junction, Festac Town, Lagos.

 

Call: +234 8027584288, +234 7019728970, +234 8135996675, 07089758800

 

Okota
Outreach Women and Children Hospital
125 Okota Road. Opp Slot. Okota. Isolo. Lagos.
Call: 014532865, +234 8068838225

 

Satellite Town
Outreach Specialist Hospital
23. Community Road, Beside First Bank,Abule ado. Satellite Town
Call: 07018179085 08035187189

By Dr David Olubukunmi Jesudemi

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