18 Things You Need To Know About Cervical Cancer

18 Things You Need To Know About Cervical Cancer

In a related article, we looked at the importance of cervical cancer screening, symptoms to look out for and treatment options. Here you have a comprehensive list of 18 things you need to know about the disease.

1)  Cervical cancer is the most common malignancy among women in the developing world, and more than 80 percent of worldwide cervical cancer deaths occur in these settings.

2)  Most cervical cancer occurs in women who have never been screened or who have had only sporadic screening.

3)  Cervical cancer screening strategies such as cervical cytology and colposcopy are not feasible in many low-resource settings due to economic, social, and political issues

4) Strategies for cervical cancer screening in low-resource settings include the use of tests that are performed in a primary care facility by trained nurses or paramedical staff; require little equipment, technology, and staff training to perform, process, and interpret; and provide immediate results.

Read Also: The Importance of Cervical Cancer Screening

5)  Benefits of cervical cancer screening include: whether with Papanicolaou (Pap) test or human papillomavirus (HPV), the main benefit is the early detection and treatment of possible cervical cancer cases thereby lowering the risk of one dying from cervical cancer.

6)  The effectiveness of screening also hinges on adequate follow-up and treatment for abnormal results

7)  Cervical cancer screening decreases the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer

8)  Cervical cancer is related to infection with specific high-risk strains of human papillomavirus (HPV).

9)  In the United States, it is recommended that cervical cancer screening is initiated no earlier than age 21 in immunocompetent, asymptomatic women without additional known risk factors. In such women, screening is initiated at age 21, regardless of the age of initiation of sexual activity. Other countries may initiate screening at different ages (usually between 20 and 25 years).

Read Also: The Importance of Cervical Cancer Screening

10)  Primary HPV screening may be an effective screening modality in resource-poor areas (developing countries) If primary HPV screening is used for women over age.

11)  We suggest women age ≥30 years who do not have known risk factors be screened with either Pap test every three years or co-testing (Pap test and HPV testing) every five years if both initial tests are negative. Co-testing may detect cervical abnormalities earlier than Pap test alone.

12)  Earlier initiation and/or more frequent screening may be warranted for women with special factors that increase risk (eg, immunocompromise, history of high-grade dysplasia, in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol [DES]).

Cervical Cancer Infographic

Infographic by healthoe360

 13)  The age at which we discontinue screening takes into account whether the patient had adequate prior screening and her risk factors for cervical cancer, and includes informed discussions of the potential benefits and harms of screening.

14)  For older women, continuing screening is contingent on a life expectancy >10 years. Adequate prior screening is defined as three consecutive negative Pap tests within the previous 10 years

15)  For women who have had adequate screening and have no cervical cancer risk factors, the optimal age to discontinue screening is uncertain. Some screen through age 65 years, whereas other contributors continue screening through age 74 years

16)  For women who have had adequate screening but have cervical cancer risk factors, continuing screening longer than in the general population is suggested. We generally offer to screen until about age 80, but the upper age limit may vary with the risk factor.

 17)  For women with inadequate prior screening, we suggest screening with either a Pap test every three years or co-testing every five years until the patient meets the definition of adequate prior screening

18)  Cervical cancer screening, if done early and with appropriate schedule results in early detection with appropriate intervention, reduction in the incidence of cervical cancer, improved cure rates of cervical cancer and reduction in deaths resulting from cervical cancer.

Free Cervical Cancer Screening in Lagos

To mark the world cancer day Outreach Women and Children Hospital is offering a free cervical cancer screening for women between the ages of 18 – 50.

All you need to do is to walk into any of our branches in Lagos at the date, and time specified below.

Date: Monday 4th -Friday 8th February 2019

Time: 8:00AM-6:00PM

Venue:
Festac Outreach Women and Children Hospital
4TH Avenue by 3rd Avenue Junction

Call: +234 8067644630
+234 8183803643
+234 8185912878

Okota
Outreach Women and Children Hospital
125 Okota Road. Opp Slot. Okota. Isolo. Lagos.
Call: 014532865, +234 8068838225

Satellite Town
Outreach Specialist Hospital
23. Community Road, Beside First Bank,Abule ado. Satellite Town
Call: 07018179085 08035187189

Please share with your friends and anyone that might need this.

By Dr David Olubukunmi Jesudemi

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